An HVAC filter is a filter that is used in a heating, ventilation and air conditioning system. The filter increases the efficiency and longevity of the HVAC system by protecting it from dust and airborne particles. It is therefore an integral, yet often overlooked part of the system. In addition to protecting the HVAC system from damage, some HVAC filters are designed to improve the quality of the interior air.
HVAC filters work by providing a physical barrier between the air intake and the moving parts of the HVAC system. As air is drawn in, particulates are caught by the filter and prevented from entering while the air is allowed to pass through. Some HVAC systems have a filter at the air intake and also at the air exhaust, further preventing any pollutants from being blown back into the interior environment.